Eye Examinations


1. A Health and Medication History

  • Your overall health and that of your immediate family
  • The medications you are taking (both prescription and over-the-counter)
  • Questions about high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, smoking, and sun exposure.


2. A Vision History

  • How well you can see at present, including any recent changes in your vision
  • Eye diseases that you or your family members have had, including macular degeneration and glaucoma
  • Previous eye treatments, surgeries, or injuries
  • The date of your last eye examination
  • As part of the vision history, the doctor may ask you the following questions:
  • Are you having any problems with your vision?
  • How long have you had these problems?
  • When do these problems occur?
  • When was your last eye examination?
  • Do you have any family history of eye problems?
  • How is your general health?
  • What medications are you taking?
  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Any history of your own health and that of your family can give the doctor an indication of any issues that may be affecting, or could affect, your vision.
anatomy of the eye

3. An Eye Health Evaluation

  • An examination of the internal and external parts of your eyes: the whites of the eyes, the iris, pupil, eyelids, and eyelashes, as well as the retina and vitreous.
  • A test of the fluid pressure within your eyes to check for the possibility of glaucoma.
  • If questionable findings are identified, further testing may be recommended by your doctor

4. A Refraction, or Visual Acuity Testing

  • Using a device called a phoroptor, your eyeglass prescription will be determined
  • A refraction helps determine the sharpness or clarity of both your near (reading) and distance vision.
  • Although some of the refraction assists in the fitting of contact lenses, the refraction does not provide enough information to fit an eye for contact lenses

5. Visual Field Testing

  • Visual field testing helps determine how much side (or peripheral) vision you have and how much surrounding area you can see.
  • We utilize a quick, screening device to look for easily visible defects as part of our examination.
  • In some cases, your doctor may also want to perform a more precise visual field measurement, using a computerized visual field analyzer, such as the Humphrey Field Analyzer.
  • Humphrey Field Analyzer (the more sensitive test)  is considered the standard device to analyze each eye for glaucoma, stroke, or other sources of vision loss.

6. Eye Teaming

  • Each eye works independently, but hopefully the two eyes “team” and work together
  • Our doctors evaluate the visual system for multiple aspects of eye teaming, looking for strabismus, amblyopia, or m0tor/tracking problems.

7. Your Examination Results
The doctor will determine if the visual problems, advise you of the optical, contact lens, or medical treatments necessary for your specific situation.