The African crocodile eye is very specialized. Having remained relatively unchanged for millions of years, the croc is an impressive hunter.
- Croc’s have excellent night vision
- Croc’s have vertically slit pupils that open extremely wide allowing for excellent night vision
- Mirrored retinal receptors help croc’s see in dim and murky waters
- The crocodile can retract their eyeballs during dangerous situations such as fights
- Crocodiles have a nictitating membrane (third eye lid) that provides protection under water
- Crocodile eyes are arranged so that they can see straight ahead, AND to the side and to some extent behind them
- Crocodiles have worse vision than humans when it comes to detail, but croc’s have better night vision and sensitivity to motion than humans.